Light bulbs! History and science…

Now, let’s see the history and science behind “light bulbs”!

The first ever electric light was invented by a chemist Humphry Davy, called “arc lamp” named for the bright arc of light emitted between its two carbon rods.. Later on, incandescent light bulbs with a carbon rod in a nitrogen filled glass cylinder were invented by Henry Woodward and Mathew Evans. They sold their patent rights to Thomas Edison in 1879.

The first practical and more efficient incandescent light bulbs were invented by Edison. Edison and his team discovered a carbonized bamboo filament that could burn for more than 1,200 hours. Bamboo was used for the filaments in Edison’s bulbs and later on tungsten was used.

After that we had neon bulbs, fluorescent lamps, LEDs and so on..

History is done! let’s talk science…

When a light bulb is connected to an electric power supply, an electric current flows from one metal contact to the other. As the current travels through the wires and the filament, the filament heats up to the point where it begins to emit photons, which are small packets of visible light.

Fluorescent lamps
They work by ionizing mercury vapor in a glass tube. This causes electrons in the gas to emit photons at UV frequencies. The UV light is converted into standard visible light using a phosphor coating on the inside of the tube. The white coating we see on a tube light is actually the white phosphor coating from the inside.. 
The basic thing a semiconductor does is, it allows current to pass through it only one way. Semiconductor has two layers, first layer has exited electrons in it and the other has holes with more kinda relaxed state. When electrons are passed through first layer and enter the second layer, the electrons release some energy as light. As the name suggests light emitting diode.
The invention of light bulb is one of the significant revolutionary inventions of all time.

2 thoughts on “Light bulbs! History and science…

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: